By Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage
We are advised that Western/Christian and Muslim/Arab civilizations are heading in the direction of inevitable clash. The demographics of the West stay slow, whereas the inhabitants of the Muslim international explodes, widening the cultural hole and all yet ensuring the outbreak of conflict. Leaving apart the media's sound and fury in this factor, measured research exhibits one other fact taking form: rapprochement among those civilizations, profiting from a common flow with roots within the Enlightenment.
The historic and geographical sweep of this publication discredits the idea of a selected Islamic demography. the diversity of fertility between Muslim ladies, for instance, is as assorted as spiritual habit between Muslims quite often. no matter if agnostics, fundamentalist Salafis, or al-Qaeda activists, Muslims are a various staff that end up the range and individuality of Islam. Youssef Courbage and Emmanuel Todd think about diversified levels of literacy, patriarchy, and shielding reactions between minority Muslim populations, underscoring the unfold of big secularization during the Arab and Muslim global.
In this regard, they argue, there's little or no to differentiate the evolution of Islam from the historical past of Christianity, specially with Muslims now getting into an international modernity. delicate to demographic variables and their mirrored image of non-public and social truths, Courbage and Todd upend a perilous meme: that we are living in a fractured international as regards to situation, suffering from a plague of closed cultures and minds made various through religion.
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Extra resources for A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World
There is a sense of mufﬂed revolt and an abnormally high number of violent Islamists, but the regime is solid for now. Oil wealth has, of course, created special, even abnormal conditions for the control of power by the upper echelons. But it must be recognized that several other Arab countries, without the beneﬁt of oil wealth, where social privileges derive more traditionally from exploiting the labor of the population, achieved early literacy without any real weakening of the authoritarian character of their governments.
2 Index of Excess Female Mortality Between the Ages of 0 and 5 (normal value = 100) Country Excess Country Excess Mortality Mortality Punjab 198 Indonesia 111 China 184 Chad 110 Haryana 177 Sudan 110 Uttar Pradesh 143 Nigeria 110 Rajasthan 140 Bangladesh 108 Bihar 135 Kuwait* 108 Maldives 134 Mauritania 108 Kosovo 131 Algeria 108 Turkey 121 Kyrgyzstan 107 Jordan 121 Senegal 106 Azerbaijan 120 Palestine 106 Iran 119 Saudi Arabia 106 Pakistan 119 Lebanon 105 Oman* 118 Djibouti 105 Bahrain* 117 Gambia 105 Libya 116 Somalia 104 Niger 115 Malaysia 103 Burkina Faso 115 Bosnia 102 Qatar* 115 Morocco 102 Albania 114 Guinea-Bissau 101 Uzbekistan 113 Comoros 100 Egypt 113 Guinea 100 Afghanistan 113 Iraq 99 Tunisia 112 Mali 97 Syria 112 United Arab Emirates* 95 Sources: The most recent surveys and censuses.
A signiﬁcant portion of the inheritance must also be distributed to cousins outside the immediate family. The combination of fractions deﬁned by the Koran presupposes a good knowledge of arithmetic. The theologians of secularism are no doubt worried about the compatibility of these Koranic inheritance rules with the laws of the Republic. But we can quickly reassure them on this point, because most actual Muslim societies, from Morocco to Indonesia, do not apply these rules. In the Arab world and Iran, the half-share for daughters is not respected, and sisters are simply excluded from inheriting, as was the case in traditional Russia and China.
A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World by Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage