A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors: by Metin Basoglu PDF

By Metin Basoglu

ISBN-10: 0521880009

ISBN-13: 9780521880008

Mass trauma occasions, reminiscent of usual mess ups, warfare and torture, impact thousands of individuals each year. presently, there's no psychological healthiness care version with the capability to deal with the mental wishes of survivors in an economical manner. This booklet provides this sort of version, besides information on its implementation, making it necessary for either policy-makers and psychological overall healthiness pros. construction on greater than two decades of intensive examine with mass trauma survivors, the authors current a version of demanding rigidity to help realizing of mass trauma and the way its mental influence will be conquer with control-focused behavioral therapy. this article deals a serious evaluate of varied debatable concerns within the box of mental trauma in gentle of modern study findings. together with based manuals on earthquake trauma, overlaying therapy supply and self-help, the booklet can be of use to survivors themselves in addition to care prone.

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Extra resources for A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors: Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment of Earthquake, War and Torture Trauma

Example text

People who knew or discovered that the contractor who built their house was living in the same building felt safer, as they reckoned that the contractor would not have lived there if the building were not safe. g. cracks in supporting columns or walls). Some of those who could not afford to have the building repaired or to move to a new place simply had the walls plastered to hide away the cracks (visual fear cues for many survivors) and went on with their lives. Some people who could not find comforting information about their safety simply created them.

It would be interesting to examine the impact of such behaviors on PTSD symptoms. thus displaying risk-taking behavior at a time when the aftershocks were most frequent. The reasons for doing so were mainly to fetch various essential items, to go to the bathroom, to take a shower, etc. This is yet another finding that supports the cost-benefit theory of avoidance (Kavaliers and Choleris, 2001). The time taken to enter the house for the first time was not associated with the intensity of fear experienced during the initial major shock (the strongest predictor of PTSD), suggesting that the survivors took risks regardless of the severity of their fear and related traumatic stress reactions.

Another line of evidence concerns anecdotal and retrospective reports of seismic-escape behavior in some animals living in seismically active regions (see Tributsch, 1982 for a review). As an explanation for such behavior, Kirschvink (2000) suggested that evolutionary processes might have led to tilt, hygroreception (humidity), electric, and magnetic sensory systems in animals that enable them to detect certain earthquake precursors, such as P waves. Tectonic plate activities have existed for at least the past two billion years on Earth, giving rise to sufficiently frequent earthquakes to allow living organisms to develop a capacity for self-preservation.

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A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors: Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment of Earthquake, War and Torture Trauma by Metin Basoglu

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