By Robert R. Capranica (auth.), Jörg-Peter Ewert, Robert R. Capranica, David J. Ingle (eds.)
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Winter wren song. of the syllable, a unit less than a whole but larger than the minimal elements or notes. If correct, this has the important implication of a capacity for phonological syntax, much as we recombine phonemes or syllables to make different words. How does this array of hierarchically organized motor coordinations develop? Somehow each species is guided through the epigenetic process so as to produce motor patterns that differ consistently from species to species and yet are learned.
Here, the deaf songs were selected to show that the two species can be virtually identical. In fact recent work shows that, despite their great variability, deaf songs of the two species do show statistical differences in structure, with those of a deaf song sparrow tending to be more complex, as discussed in a later section. Nevertheless, these two sparrows behave as though, at least on occasion, early deafening reduces them to the lowest common denominator of their singing behavior, produced with only the crudest of motor controls operating.
3. DEAF SONG: PRIMITIVE, WITH POOR VOICE CONTROL AND MINIMAL SPECIESSPECIFICITY. 4. The three modes of singing. developing certain basic features of the song and that some of these instructions involve the sense of hearing. The contrast between the deaf song and the innate song leads us to think in terms of something like an auditory template to which the voice is subsequently matched (Konishi, 1965; Marler, 1976). The feat of matching motor outputs to the specifications of sensory templates can be accomplished only as long as the feedback loops are intact.
Advances in Vertebrate Neuroethology by Robert R. Capranica (auth.), Jörg-Peter Ewert, Robert R. Capranica, David J. Ingle (eds.)