By E. Aaltola
Exploring how animal pain is made significant inside of Western ramifications, the publication investigates topics resembling skepticism referring to non-human adventure, cultural roots of compassion, and modern ways to animal ethics. At its heart is the pivotal query: what's the ethical importance of animal discomfort?
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Additional resources for Animal Suffering: Philosophy and Culture
184). In short, the bodies of hens are so overused that their bones quite simply snap, often with disastrous consequences for the individual animal. In addition, other illnesses are looming. As a result of continuous straining, hens commonly suffer from uterine prolapse, which means that their uterus is pushed out of their body. Moreover, hens are susceptible to simple exhaustion, as their bodies give in under the huge pressure of constant egg-laying. 38 Animal Suffering: Philosophy and Culture The exhaustion of these animals is so severe that it frequently leads to death, and so common that it has its own name: ‘caged layer fatigue’.
For instance, many birds, from laying hens to broiler chickens, live in cramped, cacophonic environments, often surrounded by the sounds of tens of thousands of other birds, and commonly struggle with lameness that has been linked to lack of exercise, together with serious lung problems associated with dense housing 36 Animal Suffering: Philosophy and Culture and the significant ammonia levels that it causes (Mench 2004; see also Julian 2004). Fur farms are perhaps the most notorious example of what severe confinement can do to animals.
Not being able to understand the reasons behind one’s own pain and suffering will render that pain and suffering into something uncontrollable and overpowering: behind a veil of ignorance, a minor physical injury may emerge as something utterly petrifying. This would mean that, in fact, non-human animals may have to go through much more than human animals. They will, particularly at the hands of human beings, often feel helpless and remain unable to know why their suffering is happening. They will also perhaps perceive the suffering through fear and apprehension, and feel that it will never cease.
Animal Suffering: Philosophy and Culture by E. Aaltola